Photograph by Phillip Thomas, (email@example.com) courtesy of Phillip and Bob Bolton (firstname.lastname@example.org)
The 11th Tactical Missile Squadron, the first Matador missile squadron at Sembach, was attached to 7382nd Tactical Missile Group on 1 July 1956. The 11th TMS was originally activated 17 June 1954 at Orlando AFB, Florida, as the 11th Pilotless Bomber Squadron, 9th Air Force (TAC). The unit was redesignated the 11th Tactical Missile Squadron on 08 June 1955 prior to its deployment to Germany when it was relieved 9th AF, TAC, and was reassigned to United States Air Forces Europe.
On 15 September 1956, the 7382nd Tactical Missile Group was inactivated and replaced by the newly activated 587th Tactical Missile Group, part of the newly activated 701st Tactical Missile Wing, headquartered at Hahn Air Base.
On 18 June 1958, the 11th TMS was inactivated and replaced with the 822d Tactical Missile Squadron, 587th Tactical Missile Group, no change of station, with the activation of the 38th Tactical Missile Wing at Hahn AB and the deactivation of the 701st TMW.
On 1 September 1959, Sembach became USAFE's primary missile base when the 38th Tactical Missile Wing headquarters moved from Hahn Air Base to Sembach Air Base. The three Tactical Missile Groups assigned as part of the 38th TMW in 1958 continued with their assignments: the 587th TMG at Sembach, the 586th TMG at Hahn AB, and the 585th TMG at Bitburg AB.
The 38th TMW underwent a fundamental reorganization on 25 September 1962 when it took command of the 822d TMS from the 587th Tactical Missile Group, when the three Tactical Missile Groups were inactivated, concurrent with the retirement of the TM-61C Matador. Inactivated the same day along with the 587th TMG were the 586th Tactical Missile Group at Hahn Air Base and the 585th Tactical Missile Group at Bitburg Air Base. Concurrently, two additional squadrons, the 823d and 887th TMSs were activated at Sembach.
The 823d Bombardment Squadron had been inactivated 12 April 1946, but was reactivated and renamed the 823d Tactical Missile Squadron, 10 September 1962, assigned to the 38th TMW at Sembach AB on 18 September 1962. The TM-61 Matador missile had been replaced with the TM-76A Mace at Hahn and Sembach, while the TM-76B was being brought operational at Bitburg AB with the 71st TMS.
The 38th TMW and its subordinate units were inactivated, except for the 71st TMS which was transferred to the 36th Tactical Fighter Wing, on 25 September 1966 and the 603d Air Base Wing took over host duties for Sembach Air Base. All TM-76A, then renumbered to MGM-13A, Mace tactical missile operations at Sembach AB and Hahn AB were inactivated and the remaining 71st Tactical Missile Squadron at Bitburg Air Base, transferred to Bitburg's host 36th Tactical Fighter Wing, remained on active duty with the CGM-13B (TM-76B) Mace until April 30th, 1969.
Beyond the Web Page... The only book devoted exclusively to the Matador and Mace Tactical Missiles. The book reveals the story from the initial idea that became the first U.S. pilotless bomber, through the politically troubled development of the ever evolving deployment methods of the Matador and Mace Tactical Missiles. It covers the Units, Groups, Squadrons and Wing that fielded the missiles. From the United States test sites, Europe, Asia and North Africa nothing is omitted. All phases of the application of these two missiles by the U.S. Air Force (and West German Luftwaffe) are included, from the first tentative launches of the XSSM-A-1 Matador in January 1949, to the tense alert duty of the Cuban Missile Crisis, and the final launch of a MQM13A in May of 1977. The maintenance, logistics and launch, the men, equipment and tactics are all there.
"Bob, George, I finished your book 2 days after I received it. Couldn't put it down. It was incredible reading and incredibly detailed information."
Kent Washburn (KWASH55@aol.com) Mace B, Kadena, Okinawa
"George and Bob. I want you both to know how much I enjoyed reading and how much I admire and appreciate what you have accomplished in developing and publishing "The Pioneers". It is truly an outstanding piece of work, reflecting the time and effort required to produce it, but is also a formidable contribution to our military history. I mentioned in some earlier correspondence that I was a little disappointed in the relatively small amount of information regarding the Operating Location/Guidance Sites but you largely made up for it with this magnificent book."
Dale Lake (email@example.com) 601st Tactical Control Squadron, 38th TMW, Hamm, Germany
"I just finished your book, The Pioneers, et al. Please accept my "job well done!" Not only is it informative, but it's very readable. I'd also like to complement you on how well you footnoted it. You have shown that a scholarly work can be both instructive and enjoyable."
Michael Roof (firstname.lastname@example.org) SGM USA (Ret.)
"Very good work with great detail."
Col. Charlie Simpson, USAF, Retired
Association of Air Force Missileers
"George, the book arrived on Tuesday while I was off to France. Of course, I quickly read the chapter about ´Germany's quiet step into the realm of nuclear armament.´ You know, this is still a widely ignored fact over here...
...For me it is fascinating to see what the picture really was in the 1950s and 1960s as opposed to what the official communication of the time wanted people to believe. A fascinating book shedding some light on the early days of tactical nuclear missiles as well as the political background that even today is still largely hidden behind the propaganda of the time. Can´t wait to read the rest of it."
"I have your excellent book on USAF tactical missiles. I actually witnessed the decommissioning of the Maces at Wüscheim back in 1966."
Talitha, Tye Common Road
Essex CM12 9PX
"I just wanted to drop you a line and tell you how much I enjoyed the book that you and Bob wrote. The history was of particluar interest to me and my brother who was a history Professor at the University of Wisconsin. He also thought the book was well written, and he now knows what his little brother, (me), did while in Germany for three years."
George Joseph Snyder (email@example.com)
71st TMS, Steinborn, Germany
"...by the way, I read your book, it was great, thanks for writing it."
Dieses Buch ist ein Muss für alle, die im Rahmen ihres Dienstes bei der U.S. Air Force mit den frühen Marschflugkörpern zu tun hatten, aber auch für deutsche Militärarchäologen, die in der Eifel, im Hunsrück oder im Pfälzer Wald schon über rätselhafte Hinterlassenschaften gestolpert sind. Nach mehr als 40 Jahren wird endlich eine Fülle von Fakten, Informationen und Geschichten zu den zwischen 1954 und 1969 in Deutschland stationierten, mit Automwaffen ausgerüsteten amerikanischen Matador und Mace auf den Tisch gelegt. Ausführlich und lebendig erzählen George Mindling und Bob Bolton von den jungen Missilemen, die im März 1954 erstmals in Bitburg ankamen - noch ganz grün im Gesicht, weil auf dem Atlantik schwerer Sturm geherrscht hatte. Von den T-33-Flugzeugen, die aus Übungsgründen so taten, als wären sie Matador-Flugkörper, über die Startstellungen hinweg in Richtung deutsch-deutsche Grenze donnerten und sich von der Gegenseite nur nicht erwischen lassen durften. Oder von der Kuba-Krise, als die US Air Force Europe auf DEFCON 3 ging und an die Mechaniker in Bitburg Munition für ihre Karabiner ausgegeben wurde.
Augenzeugen sagen dazu: "Wir hätten die Vögel auf jeden Fall innerhalb von 15 Minuten in der Luft haben müssen!" Es ist lebendige Militärgeschichte, die nun nicht der Vergessenheit anheimfällt, sondern jedermann zugänglich wird - auch für die ortsansässige Bevölkerung, die heute endlich erfährt, was sich damals in ihrer Nachbarschaft zugetragen hat. Den beiden Autoren gebührt der Dank.
Klaus Stark (firstname.lastname@example.org)
Photograph courtesy of Paul Holmberg
Mace & Matador TAC Missile Association
"It's was a long time ago, but when you enjoyed what you did back then, some things stick out. It's been a long time since I was at Sembach, but I'll never forget the place or the people, both American and German, they were all good to me.
The 587th Command & Guidance Squadron began as the 11th Tactical Missile Squadron at Orlando Air Force Base at Orlando, Florida, in 1955. The unit was formed there and trained for about 9 months, then was airlifted, with families, equipment & personnel to Sembach, Germany.
Shortly after arriving, we became the 587th Command & Guidance Squadron and the Matador was our missile. We were assigned to different areas to set up the guidance systems for the missiles. We went to Wheelus Air Base, in Tripoli, Libya, twice a year to fire a missile and test the guidance system.
My time at Sembach was very enjoyable, I met a lot of great people, both American and German. Sure wish I could see them all again. I lived in the barracks right behind the service club which was handy to most everything.
Hope this note reaches someone who was there at this time,
June, 1956 - Dec, 1957."
Bill Baney, Decatur, IL. (BANEYWM@msn.com)
38th Tactical Missile Wing Headquarters
Sembach Air Base, Germany, 1962
Photograph courtesy of Thomas Seelig
"Our Mace And Matador Missiles Ready To Guard Freedom In Germany, Europe And The Entire Free World, Are Themselves Guarded Around The Clock. Shown Here, They Are Guarded By Teams Of Men And Police Dogs Patrolling The Area Through The Night.This Was A Phase Of Air Force Operations I Felt Important Enough To Portray As Dramatically As Possible. To This End, I Used Strong Color Contrasts, Powerful Sweeping Brush Strokes And A Dynamic Composition To Create This Scene Of Impending Unleashed Might."
MISSILE GUARDS - SEMBACH, GERMANY
Artist: Donald Moss
The 38th Tactical Missile Wing TM-76 "A" Show Bird.
Photo by John W. Cook SMSgt, USAF, (Ret) (Cookieman1@cox.net)
"While Touring Defense Bases In Germany, The Sight Of These Missiles Cradled On The Launching Mechanisms Struck Me As Symbolic Of Our Defense Of Eyrope. The Aircraft Streaking Through An Almost Eternally Clouded Sky And The Old German Village Nestled In The Background Complete The Picture.Paradoxically, While The German Farmers Go About Their Business Of Tending The Fields, USAF Personnel Thousands Of Miles From Their Own Homes Are Engaged In The Grim Business Of Constant Nuclear Vigilance."
MACE MISSILES - SEMBACH, GERMANY
Artist: Donald Moss
The above Sembach Sentinel photograph courtesy of Bernie Ganshert, Msgt, USAF,(Ret) (email@example.com)
25 September 1966 - The "A" Birds come off target, and are temporarily stored, minus wings, before being shipped back to the U.S. and duty as drones at Eglin AFB in Florida. The shut down of the 38th TMW and the MGM-13A did not affect the 71st Tactical Missile Squadron at Bitburg which transferred to the 36th Tactical Fighter Wing and maintained the CGM-13B until 30 April 1969.